OBSERVATORY FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH RIGHTS

 

OBSERVATORY FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH RIGHTS

 

Now, Observatory  for children and youth rights (Observatory) will be presented in Albanian society as a structure that will monitor youth rights. Our mission is to guarantee the implementation of children and young rights in Albania through observation, research and analysis; education, capacity building and advocacy for effective engagement and cooperation of national and local institutions.

We are committed to:

  • Helping children and young people access their rights;
  • Use and advocate data-based methods for realizing policies and programs that focus on children and youth rights.
  • Develop and communicate credible information that promotes advocacy, and development of policies and programs focused on children and youth.
  • We function as a reliable and collaborative source for stakeholders across the country working on the rights of children and youth.
  • Collaborate with local, national and international stakeholders to advance on the rights of children and youth in Albania.
  • Monitor national priorities and actions to address responsive-response toward results.
  • Provide a national forum for research, debate, education, and exchange of knowledge between those working on children and youth rights.
  • Identify and advocate for the necessary changes in policies and practices and to enable others to do the same.

 

For more information about our work please refer in the links:

Web: http://observator.org.al/

Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/observator.org.al/?notif_id=1522101888309517&notif_t=page_fan&ref=notif

WITH THE VOICE OF CHILDREN DEPRIVED OF THEIR LIBERTY

Unfortunately, today in the world there are children deprived of freedom because they are in conflict with the law and their number is estimated to be around one million. Albania, the country that is at the heart of this report, has its share of the deprived children as a result of being in contact with the law. Observatory for Children’s Rights (Observatory) in partnership with UNICEF and in cooperation with the People’s Advocate carried out the report “Juvenile Justice”. This report focuses on children in conflict with the law.

The report informs us that imprisoned children who committed a criminal offense resulted in misdemeanors and violated laws. Meanwhile in Albania there are children who came from poor families and are also in conflict with the law and prisoners.

We are aware of the fact that the economic crisis and the difficulties that Albanian families are experiencing may result in less attention to this category of children. In the report we present data that speak with their voice and warn us that much more needs to be done to improve the situation in the Albanian penitentiary system and especially in dealing with juveniles in conflict with the law, while finding ways to address the underlying causes for the behavior of children in conflict with the law.

Monitoring of the institutions where children are deprived of their liberty has shown that more than one of the rights of children in conflict with the law have been violated, and that violations of their rights occurs repeatedly. Even though we talk about rehabilitation of these children, stigmatized by society, we are far from meeting the minimum standards for their treatment in institutions for deprivation of liberty, and not only there.

 

For more information about the Report, please check the link below : http://observator.org.al/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Monitoring_report_jj_13March2017.pdf

Observatory for Children’s Rights (Observatory) and School of Magistrates

Observatory for Children’s Rights (Observatory) and School of Magistrates realize a meeting on presentation of the preliminary findings from the monitoring of the legal aspects and judicial practice of underage marriages in 7 Courts of the Country.
With the support of Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI) and Australian Government, it was implemented the initiative “Enforcing the legal mechanism as a tool for preventing underage marriage (ENFORCE)”. The project is implemented through monitoring decisions of District Courts of Shkodër, Kukës, Fier, Kavajë, Lezhë, Pukë and Tropojë for the period 2011 – 2017 followed with the social analyze of these cases

Te Drejtat e te Rinjve ne Bashkine Belsh dhe Bashkine Roskovec

Factsheet” Te Drejtat e te Rinjve ne Bashkine Belsh dhe Bashkine Roskovec” , per me shume informacion referojuni dokumnetave si ne link :

Human Rights Day-10 Dhjetor-Bashkia Roskovec

Human Rights Day-10-Dhjetor-Bashkia Belsh

UN Women Statement: Day of the Girl Child

UN Women Statement: Day of the Girl Child
11 October 2017

“Some people say that it is shameful for girls to go to work or go to school. These are old traditions and conventions.”These are the words of Alan and Israa, two Syrian girls who, through a UN Women-supported training and community centre in Beirut, Lebanon, are learning how to repair mobile phones. This training is helping to break down traditional ideas about what girls can and cannot do, and through giving them relevant skills for their future, it is building resilience and helping to break conventional isolation.
This year, on the International Day of the Girl Child,we are focused on how to ‘EmPOWER Girls: Before, during and after crises’. Throughout 2017 we have seen growing conflict, instability and inequality, with 128.6 million people this year expected to need humanitarian assistance due to security threats, climate change and poverty. More than three-quarters of those who have become refugees or who are displaced from their homes, are women and children. Among these, women and girls are among the most vulnerable in times of crisis.

Displaced and vulnerable women and girls face higher risks of sexual and gender-based violence, as well as damage to their livelihoods ; girls are 2.5 times more likely than boys to miss school during disasters; and displaced girls are often married Offas children in an effort to ensure their security. A 2013 assessment estimated a rise in the percentage of Syrian girl refugees in Jordan being married before age 18 from below 17 per cent before the conflict, to more than 50 per cent afterwards.

At UN Women, we are working to ensure that girls experiencing crises have positive options that allow them to grow and develop social and economic skills. Along with local women’s organizations, we support women and girl refugees through our Global Flagship Initiative, on Women’s Leadership, Empowerment, Access and Protection in Crisis Response (LEAP), which boosts civic engagement and leadership by advocating for women’s political and social participation at the local, national and international levels. LEAP also establishes Empowerment Hubs where women can network and access critical services and training, and provides job placements, cash-for-work initiatives and training for businesses.
Programmes like these can turn situations of displacement into opportunities for empowerment for girls and young women, remove them from potentially violent situations, and serve as a path to economic security so that they are not forced to marry older men to provide for their physical and financial wellbeing.

As Alan and Israa experienced, UN Women is also tapping into the possibilities of mobile technology, developing a Virtual Skills School, so that women and girls who have dropped out of school due to early marriage, childbearing or traditional practices, who are living with a disability, or who are displaced from their homes and in refugee camps, have access to second-chance learning.
On the International Day of the Girl Child, let us commit to investing in skills training and education for girls and livelihood activities for young women around the world who are facing crises. Far from being passive recipients of assistance, these girls are leaders who will use the skills that they develop today to rebuild their communities, and create a better future for all of us.

Related link

In Focus: International Day of the Girl

 

WeBER

WeBER INITIATIVE

 

The citizen says his word on the efficiency of Public Administration at the local level

Observatory for Children’s Rights (Observatory) in the framework of the Public Administration Reform (PAR), is implementing the “WeBER” initiative on “Monitoring the effectiveness of the performance of local government administration through citizens’ opinion”.

This initiative is being implemented in 2 municipalities and respectively in  Municipality of Tirana and  Municipality of Cerrik. The pilot zone of the initiative are the administrative units No. 5, 6, Dajt and Petrela on Municipality of Tirana and Cerrik and Gostimi on Municipalities of Cerrik. The duration of the initiative is 7 months, June – December 2017. The main purpose of the initiative is to assess the public opinion (residents) about the transparency of local government, the services provided, the best forms of public information and the effectiveness of public administration.

This initiative is funded by the European Union and co-financed by the Kingdom of the Netherlands through the Small Grants Instrument of the “WeBER – Enabling Western Balkan Countries for Monitoring the Reform in Public Administration by Civil Society” project implemented by the Institute for Democracy and Mediation in Albania (IDM). The project will be realized through the implementation of some measuring instruments that will serve to measure the perceptions of community opinion and local administration staff as; questionnaires and interviews. Meetings on communities and with public administration staff of local government units during which the initiatives and targets to be achieved will be presented and they are also part of the activities of the implementation process. Promoting public dialogue will be achieved through 2 face-to-face meetings with participation of the community and the local administration where the results of both sides’ opinion and their comparison will be disclosed in terms of the performance of the administration in Municipality of Tirana and Municipality of Cerrik.

At the end of the implementation of the initiative will be presented at a final meeting findings, recommendations and comparison of best experiences. The main activities of the WeBER initiative will be made public at all times of its implementation on the Observatory’s web site: www.observator.org.al  on facebook: Observatory for Children’s Rights and on other media.

For anyone interested in knowing more about the initiative implemented by the Observatory, may contact the following email address: info@observator.org.al  and contact person: z.kondi@observator.org.al

#EU_WeBER

 

This project is funded by the European Union and co-financed by the Kingdom of the Netherlands through the Small Grants Instrument of the “WeBER – Enabling Western Balkan Countries for Monitoring the Reform in Public Administration by Civil Society” project implemented in Albania by the Institute for Democracy and Mediation (IDM).

Enrollment of children in 1st grade

The enrollment of pupils in the first grade is done pursuant to article 13 of Chapter IV “Primary Education” of the Normative Provisions on the pre-university educational system, 2013.

Procedures for the enrollment of pupils in the first grade
1. The enrollment of students in the first grade of primary education for the new academic year is done during the last two weeks of June.
a. During the first six days, only the pupils who live in the school area are eligible to enroll in the first grade of a public school. When the distance of the child’s residence from two public schools is debatable, the parent chooses one of the two schools.
b. Students belonging to other school areas are entitled to enroll in the next four days. The special registrations are admissible until the first days before the start of the school year in September.
2. Pursuant to the implementation of the joint Order no. 2, dated 05.01.2015 “On the approval of the regulation for the implementation of the cooperation Agreement, dated 02.08.2013 “On the identification and school enrollment of all children of compulsory school age”, every educational institution must apply the list of children’s names sent by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
3. The documents needed to enroll the child in the first grade are:
a. The birth certificate of the child.
b. Confirmation of vaccination from the health center.
c. Ophthalmologist’s report.
d. Child’s address.
e. Confirmation of kindergarten attendance by groups, signed by the director of the kindergarten (if any).
4. In special cases, when a parent wants to enroll a child in the first grade, but:
a. does not have a birth certificate, the school principal allows the child to attend school according to the age claimed by the parent and, according to the circumstances, gives the parent a deadline for the submission of the certificate;
b. does not have the confirmation of vaccination, the school principal asks the parent to address the matter to the relevant health center and, enrolls the child after receiving the confirmation.

We bring to your attention:
Free transportation for students attending kindergarten or primary education who live at a distance of over 2 km away from the school (Item 1.b, Decision “On the use of public funds to transport the educational staff and students who work and study outside the residence”).
Free textbooks for children: victims of trafficking, in detention/sentenced, admitted to the Oncology Service, children of police officers fallen on duty, Roma and Egyptian Children and beneficiaries in public residential social care institutions. (Item 6.9 of the Decision no. 707, dated 26. 08.2015 “On the publication, printing, distribution and sale of textbooks for pre-university education system,” as amended”)

 

Situation assessment on access to services for returned migrants

Observatory for Children’s Rights (Observatory), with the support of Austrian Development Agency (ADA), has implemented during the period March – May 2017, in Dibra, Fier and Tirana region the initiative “Mapping of Albanian returnees (special focus on children and families)”.

By believing that returnees are a vulnerable group and should be prioritized to facilitate their re-integration process in the country, was undertaken this initiative to identify their needs for services as well as the extent to which they are fulfilled by every institution.

To better understand the needs and challenges faced during their fulfillment, an assessment of access to each of the baseline services has been conducted for each region, with some recommendations for each of the local institutions, available at:

Assessment of the situation, Dibra region:

http://observator.org.al/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Assessment_of_returned_migrants_challenges_to_integration_in_the_country-Dibra_region.pdf

Assessment of the situation, Fier region:

http://observator.org.al/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Assessment_of_returned_migrants_challenges_to_integration_in_the_country-Fier_region.pdf

Assessment of the situation, Tirana region:

http://observator.org.al/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Assessment_of_returned_migrants_challenges_to_integration_in_the_country-Tirana_region.pdf

Also, findings from the entire process have been used to prepare a final document targeting policy-making central institutions, coming up with some recommendations for each of the inline ministries, available at:

http://observator.org.al/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Assessment_on_access_to_services_for_returning_migrants.pdf

Waiting for 1st of June 2017….#UneMbrojfemijet#InvestOnChildren

Waiting for 1st of June 2017….#UneMbrojfemijet#InvestOnChildren

Award “Child Protection Workers of the Year”

“Child Protection Organization of the Year”

 

This award has the aim of evaluation of the extraordinary contribution for children of individuals and organizations, for protecting them from any form of violence – by promoting positive and inspirational examples.

The award will be given on 1st of June, as an initial of yearly tradition.

The criteria’s for the Award “Child protection workers of the year”:

  1. To be an employee of the Child Protection Unit and have more than 5 years of working experience.
  2. Have made an extraordinary contribution to protecting children from violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation by bringing changes in the lives of children and families.
  3. To have managed a significant number of cases, applying quality case management procedures.
  4. To be active and cooperate with actors from various public, private, donor, NGO and public awareness-raising community in the field of child protection issues.

The criteria’s for the Award “Child Protection Organization of the Year” (NGO)

  1. To be an NGO registered in the Republic of Albania for more than 5 years.
  2. To have focus on child labor rights and be known in child protection work for abuse, exploitation, violence, or neglect.
  3. To have provided community support and contributing to capacity building of public institutions and / or childcare providers.

 

The prize will be “Participation in an international training” provided by Childhub.org

 

Candidates can be nominated at elona.halilosmani@femijet.gov.al until May 25, 2017. The proposal should contain a short argument (max 150 words) on the proposed candidacy. The candidates will be evaluated and selected by the MOSWY Evaluation Commission.

 

Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth

Olta Xhacka

UNICEF Albania

Observatori për të Drejtat e Fëmijëve / Observatory for Children’s Rights

Terre des hommes Albania

Launching event for presenting the report on underage marriages

Tirana, 10 March 2017

Observatory in partnership with Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI), realized the meeting for presenting the Report on the legal, judicial practice and social aspects of underage marriages in Korca and Pogradec for the period 2011 – 2016.

Observatory with the support of CFLI has implemented the initiative “Prevention of early marriages in strengthening the legal mechanisms and social perceptions, as a tool to empower women and girls (PREVENTION)”. The project is implemented by the Observatory through “monitoring decisions of District Courts of Korca and Pogradec for the period 2011 – 2016″ followed with the social analyze of these cases.

Aiming the improvement of the court decisions with the respect of highest interest of the child, the open meeting has collected the representatives of international and national institutions, various ministries and the central and local subordinate institutions together with NGOs operating in the field of children’s rights.

Some of the legal and judicial practice recommendations of the report are:

  • For the Court, keeping the interest of the minor in mind should be the main consideration and this special care needs to be reflected in the content of the decision as clearly as possible through the specific analysis according to the case.
  • Only the minor seeking to enter into underage marriage is the one that is actively legitimated to make the request.
  • A very important principle that should be kept in control by the Court is the autonomy of the will of the minor requesting permit to enter into underage marriage. In order to evaluate this will, the minor should be personally present throughout the entire process. The Court should guarantee the right of the minor to be heard and informed. The Court should keep in mind that the younger the age of the person the easier it is to manipulate the minor to enter into marriage without free consent.
  • Taking the opinion of the psychologist on the psychological evaluation, free consent and social situation is a legal obligation and a great help for the Court, so that it can rule a fair decision and to judge on the importance of the causes and their merits, as well as the physical and psychological maturity of the person through the verification of the psychologist.
  • The Court should keep in mind that the juvenile girls in difficult economic situation are more exposed to the risk of fictitious marriages or the promises of marriage that end up to exploitation for prostitution, trafficking or any other kind of exploitation.
  • As pertaining to the legislation, there is still room for improvements regarding the active legitimating of the minor girl and the determination of a minimum age below which underage marriage cannot be allowed for any reason. Furthermore, many of the suggestions include in this document may be also accompanied by legal improvements. The approach and harmonization with the international standards quoted in this report is still important.

The problems and issues that accompany underage marriages require an in-depth analysis of this situation throughout the entire country.

An adequate and productive intervention in this direction is related to the unification of the interventions and the efforts to improve the situation of women married under age by bringing together the policymakers, the state bodies involved in the enforcement of the law related to marriage, civil society organizations, donors, schools and the communities where these women live.

Let us give a voice to these girls and let them have a healthy and dignified childhood!